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Tips from Our Design Department #3: Felting
By: Lion Brand

Felting allows you to take knit and crochet pieces and turn them into thick, sturdy cloth suitable for purses, hats, slippers and more just by throwing your wool items into the washing machine and dryer. This month, Jackie Smyth, our technical editor, gives some tips on felting and we feature six, beginner or easy-level, coin purses that are a great springboard for your design ideas.

LBY Newsletter: What is felting, Jackie?
Jackie: Felting is the process by which wool fibers are agitated and lock together to form a dense fabric. Wool yarn can be felted, but synthetics can’t, but you can change the look of a felted design by working a row or two with a non-felting yarn. If you've never felted before, it's a good idea to read our FAQ about it. Click here.

LBY Newsletter: What are some of the benefits of felting?
Jackie: Felt doesn’t ravel – so you can experiment with cutting shapes or fringes on a felted item. If your felted project doesn’t work out as well as you’d hoped -- no worries -- you can cut shapes from the felt – like flower petals or dots – and use these as embellishments on other projects.

LBY Newsletter: Wow, you could probably make pins and hair barretts out of those shapes too. So what are your recommended patterns today?
Jackie: I've chosen these six "Make It Yours Purses" because they come in a variety of colors and a mix of knit and crochet. I like them because they are small, making them an ideal beginner felting project, and because they really emphasize how much we love to embellish simple patterns with things techniques like color-work and embroidering. I think that there's something for everyone in the six patterns below.

LBY Newsletter: So what are some things we should remember when felting, Jackie?
Jackie: First, we strongly suggest felting your gauge swatch -- to most accurately predict the finished size of your felted project. Measure your swatch before felting and make a note of the washing machine settings used and measure your swatch again after felting. But don’t worry too much about the evenness of your knit or crochet stitches if you plan to felt the finished item –- the felting process will smooth the fabric.

Second, when felting in a washer and dryer, placing your knit or crochet item into a zippered pillow protector before felting will contain the fuzz created during the process. Also, you should remember that soap is necessary for the felting process -– but don’t use too much! A tablespoon or so is plenty.

LBY Newsletter: What about after the items come out of the dryer?
Jackie: Remember that the felting process often provides unexpected results -– just pull or smooth your projects to shape -- and remember that felting isn’t an exact science. Also, wet wool items are easy to shape. Hats can be smoothed over a bowl, use empty boxes wrapped in plastic to shape a purse. Another useful tip is that a disposable razor can be used to shave off unwanted fuzz after felting.

LBY Newsletter: Do you always have to felt in a washer and dryer?
Jackie: For smaller pieces, felting can always be done by hand, rubbing the knit or crochet piece until the fibers lock together in hot, soapy water. Wear rubber gloves to protect your hands from the hot water. A clean plunger can speed the felting process.

LBY Newsletter: Any last thoughts, Jackie?
Jackie: My final tip is to remember that felting is meant to be fun and somewhat experimental -– a great way to create a one of a kind design!

Join us again next month for more Tips from the Design Department, and for more answers to common questions, visit our FAQ.

Authored by Lion Brand

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